How to Treat HIV Infection – HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) or commonly called AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome). Virus damages or destroys immune cells, so the body’s immune cells are not capable of fighting infection or cancer.
“Approximately 3.2 million children under 15 were living with AIDS at the end of 2013, according to data from the World Health Organization (WHO)”
The cause of HIV in Children
Most HIV infection in children is reduced through mother to child during pregnancy, childbirth, and breastfeeding. However, thanks to the preventive treatment regimen, so the incidence of mother-to-child transmission of HIV declined. Since the mid-1990s, HIV testing and the prevention of drug regimen results in 90% decrease of kids infected with HIV in the United States. Most cases of children with HIV / AIDS have concentrated in Sub-Saharan region, Africa. Other causes of HIV include:
How to Treat HIV Infection
Blood transfusions using infected blood or vaccinations with unsterile needles capable of causing treat HIV infection and AIDS in children. In the United States and other ahead nations, this issue has been fully eliminated, but in poor countries, it is still happening.
Use of Drugs by Injection Method. In areas of Eastern and Central Europe, injecting drug use will continue the spread of HIV among young people living on the streets. Research in Ukraine, high-risk behavior such as sharing needles, also occur in children under the age of 10 years.
Although child transmission by sex is not the primary cause of HIV / AIDS among children; this happens when children become sexually active at the age of its beginnings. Children are also able infected through sexual violence or rape.
Many infants and children living with HIV for the mother are infected. However, the infection is not able to be enforced until after the baby is born. Symptoms of HIV infection varies by age and individual respectively, but the following are common symptoms:
- Failed to grow according to a standard growth chart
- Failure to achieve appropriate developmental milestones
- Brain and nervous system problems, such as seizures, difficulty roads, poor school grades
- Often experience pain, such as ear infections, flu, abdominal pain, and diarrhea.
Because HIV will be more severe, the child will suffer opportunistic infections. This is a rare disease related to health but can be deadly in patients with HIV because their immune orderliness is not working properly. Opportunistic to treat HIV infection often include:
- Pneumocystis pneumonia; a fungal infection in the lungs
- Severe infections related cytomegalovirus (CMV)
- Conditions scarring of the lungs is called lymphocytic interstitial pneumonitis (LIP)
- Oral thrush (fungus in the mouth) or irritation nappy (diaper rash) were heavy due to fungal infection Candida
- Due to the advances of treatment and prevention, the AIDS-related deaths among children in the world wane.
How to Treat HIV Infection
HIV and AIDS therapy is usually the same in children and older a combination of antiviral treatment to keep the virus resistant (impervious to treatment). However, there are particular concerns when treating children. Some HIV medicines are not available in a liquid form such as syrups or drops, and some medications also give serious side effects in children.
Although children do not show signs or symptoms of HIV infection, the doctor needs to choose a drug to improve health conditions and improve long-term survival. Doctors often decide whether a treatment relies on lab tests of viral load (amount of virus in body fluids) and the levels of white blood cells (immune cells) called CD4 T-cells that are attacked by HIV infection.
Aid for AIDS
Knowing your child is exposed to HIV is especially hard and daunting. One way to overcome the fear of the unknown is to learn as much as possible about HIV and AIDS. The more you know, the better you will be able to care for your children.
To allay the fears of your child, discuss the disease in a manner consistent with the child’s age. Let your child know the effect of taking medication; it can be a lifetime, to keep from getting sick. Most deaths HIV and AIDS on children is the difficulty of building medication adherence.
When complications develop, find out how to treat and protect children. As an example:
Loss of Appetite
Offer a variety of foods during the day, avoid foods such as carbonated beverages that can create gas in the stomach and make your child feel bloated.
Give your child plenty of liquids, including soups, fruit juice diluted with water, and oral rehydration salts. Food is offering soft wet like mashed potatoes, pumpkin, and carrots. Avoid fatty, sugary foods.
A Cough and Cold
Allow your child to rest. Give plenty of water and other liquids. Overcome nasal obstruction by filling a large bowl or pan with boiling water and let your child inhale steam from the hot water.